Why Robots That Bend Are Better

18 פבר 2021
2 399 968 צפיות

Robots of the future may be softer, squishier and bendier than robots today. This could make them ideal for space exploration. Check out kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any subscription!
On Thursday February 18th, 2021 the NASA Perseverance Rover will land on Mars. It is a wonderful robot, made out of steel and wire - but will future robots look like Perseverance? There is an emerging field of research on "soft robots", where the machines are flexible. These soft robots have many advantages over traditional robots - they're safer, lighter, more flexible and can change their shape and size.
NASA is investigating the use of soft robots for space missions. For future visits to Enceladus or Europa, a lander could cut a hole in the ice and then insert a compliant robot through the hole. This robot could then grow and change shape on the other side.
References:
N. S. Usevitch, Z. M. Hammond, M. Schwager, A. M. Okamura, E. W. Hawkes, S. Follmer, An untethered isoperimetric soft robot. Sci. Robot. 4,
ve42.co/Hammond2020 - paper about the truss robot
ve42.co/Usevitch2020 - press release and video about the truss robot
Electronics-free pneumatic circuits for controlling soft-legged robots
Dylan Drotman1, Saurabh Jadhav, David Sharp, Christian Chan, Michael T. Tolley Sci. Robot. 6, eaay2627 (2021)
ve42.co/Drotman - paper about the turtle robot
Special thanks to Patreon supporters:
Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, Robert, fanime96, Marc Forand, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Grace O'Maille KRON x Arc iOS, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex , Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal, Bryan Baker
Video supplied by Getty Images
Thanks to Zachary Hammond for showing me the soft truss robot
Filmed by Derek Muller
Edited and GFX by Trenton Oliver
Animation by Ivan Tello
Music by Jonny Hyman
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci, Dan Meyer

תגובות
  • Come.on guys U want to be serious scientists...so take off the MASK!!

    PalindromPalindrom2 שעות לפני
  • Hi, Can you see if it is possible to make a light, that creates a rainbow in other colours than we usually see?

    Mort GnomeMort Gnome3 שעות לפני
    • @Omg Cyanide Yea, with what I know I kinda guesed it would not be possible. But you never know what sciense can come up with, to "break" the rules. Also, I have seen a monochrome rainbow before, and that made me Wonder about finding a way to make other colours come out. :)

      Mort GnomeMort Gnome17 דקות לפני
    • ?? We can’t see other colors man they just will not go into the eye as that color

      Omg CyanideOmg Cyanide39 דקות לפני
  • I just came to say stop your ILworld ad from playing every second

    Simply RoverSimply Rover3 שעות לפני
  • The slimy crown genotypically multiply because male presently amuse until a wild kenneth. naughty, idiotic tennis

    Anthony PhungAnthony Phung4 שעות לפני
  • Wearing those masks are really killing the educational vibe. Can't take this channel serious anymore. Good luck!

    ImaVkingImaVking5 שעות לפני
  • to robots that can't bend: "bite my shiny metal ass" -Bender

    Emerald Eyes Esoteric GamingEmerald Eyes Esoteric Gaming7 שעות לפני
  • STEAM?

    Notte NarwleNotte Narwle9 שעות לפני
  • @Veritasium Please do a video on solar sail and the starshot mission

    CARPE DIEMCARPE DIEM15 שעות לפני
  • Can you make video on quantum locking?

    HARSH KESHRUWALAHARSH KESHRUWALA17 שעות לפני
  • This is brilliant.

    Todd WilloughbyTodd Willoughby23 שעות לפני
  • Dear Derek, you have great videos! This year I discovered your videos! This is a colossal work! I wish your channel development and stability! And I wish you new interesting ideas and interviews with interesting people, first of all for you).

    Aziz AbebaAziz Abebaיום לפני
    • Everyone: oh thats a nice robot me: a7sIII 👀

      bouytt guytbouytt guyt14 שעות לפני
  • Maybe you can do a video on the effectiveness of masks next?

    Gavin M. CoxGavin M. Coxיום לפני
  • Am I the only one who thinks that he looks like Elon Musk when he's wearing a mask?

    World Wide MaryWorld Wide Maryיום לפני
    • Beautiful & Informative💋🌹👄

      bouytt guytbouytt guyt14 שעות לפני
  • Of course robots that bend are better. Personally I prefer fire bending robots but people can have their own opinions

    NANINANIיום לפני
  • Is there such thing as flat? I do not think that such a thing exists. What is the flattest thing we have made?

    Jera GroundsJera Groundsיום לפני
    • Well it’s impossible to make something truly flat because we live in a 3d plain so yknow, but paper or tin foil is pretty flat

      Dank SanchezDank Sanchez19 שעות לפני
  • will it not float in the water?

    nazTV nazTVnazTV nazTVיום לפני
  • The holistic stinger iteratively attract because oyster separately cure about a secret step-sister. youthful, knowledgeable visitor

    03 old sub203 old sub2יום לפני
  • Why Robots That Bend Are Benders?

    DianondSwordDianondSwordיום לפני
  • Veritasium Can you do a video on why hands smell burnt if rubbed together fast (or comment?)? Surely my hypothesis would be that the friction generated heat does indeed burn skin cells, but only the superficial, first layer of cells in the stratum corneum. So the superficial layer gets burned off, but because that first cell layer is so thin, the heat is quickly diffused into the rest of the layers and the air, so it only feels warm, not really hot. Iwasnt able to find any info on this myself, so Id appreciate your imput. Im curious lol

    The Earth Is a DonutThe Earth Is a Donutיום לפני
  • " I have no mouth but I must scream "

    Mr PengalinMr Pengalinיום לפני
  • We are one step away from making a bender bot

    Madiyar YespolatovMadiyar Yespolatovיום לפני
  • The greenery of a country shows the wealth of a country, happy people around you shows the happiness of your mind. Create happiness spread happiness 😁 have a nice day😃

    Reality VisionReality Visionיום לפני
  • You know you’re not a scientist when your first thought after “does it walk this way” you can’t help hearing him say “talk this way”

    HAG VHAG Vיום לפני
  • This does not change the fact that in Antarctica there are 21 million penguins and in Malta there are ~502,653 inhabitants. So if the penguins decide to invade Malta, each Maltese will have to fight 42 penguins.

    AZA CABASAAZA CABASAיום לפני
  • E

    GalaxyGladiator GroupGalaxyGladiator Groupיום לפני
  • Beautiful & Informative💋🌹👄

    Creative Thinker AnikCreative Thinker Anik2 ימים לפני
  • Everyone: oh thats a nice robot me: a7sIII 👀

    SoundwaveSoundwave2 ימים לפני
    • A camera man, I see.

      CDScissorCDScissorיום לפני
  • The AI bot doesn’t like it when I mentioned the insanity of not applying the scientific method in a science video to wearing a mask to protect the subjects from covid virus. Big brother is controlling the narrative

    Blair martinBlair martin2 ימים לפני
  • This looks like it would be useful in hostile environments

    DanielDaniel2 ימים לפני
  • An octahedral sausage link soft robot. Nice.

    Aledner_LWAledner_LW2 ימים לפני
  • I suppose it's safer, but still looks like it can pinch your fingers in the roller things

    BatmanBatman2 ימים לפני
    • Yep.

      PyroPyro2 ימים לפני
  • Mmm flaccid machinery

    Trope aDopeTrope aDope2 ימים לפני
  • Please make a video about solar sail and the principle of light pressure.

    Михаил ЗаворинМихаил Заворин2 ימים לפני
  • I having a stroke reading the title and writing stroke

    мирмир2 ימים לפני
  • polish kielbasa

    Kasjan SzczęsnyKasjan Szczęsny2 ימים לפני
  • The red arms of the robot fling him 20 ft backwards against the wall. "Oh... yeah, sorry, there's a bug. Unit Tests didn't catch it for some reason."

    gio 59gio 592 ימים לפני
  • Yall should make Baymax

    DannyDorito33DannyDorito332 ימים לפני
  • Show me the application.

    BrendanBrendan2 ימים לפני
  • Will you please do a video explaining how -40 degrees Fahrenheit is also -40 degrees Celsius??? I know the formula, I just don't understand how that one number lines up?

    Lebaneser ScroogeLebaneser Scrooge2 ימים לפני
  • ok ngl i was expecting some baymax crap when it said soft robots

    Kyle MurrayKyle Murray2 ימים לפני
  • I study physics and you inspired me a lot'(really thank you) could you make us a brief history of nuclear experiment and thanks again Z

    hussain ainyyahussain ainyya3 ימים לפני
  • The staking dill complimentarily surround because tip dolly pinch next a ill texture. imminent, puzzled belgian

    Kaddu MillsKaddu Mills3 ימים לפני
  • Cool concept. I notice the apexes of the robot are made of metal. Are they sharp enough to hurt a human?

    icekk007icekk0073 ימים לפני
  • That pneumatic turtle robot is the cutest thing ever. Like a little elephant :)

    Bodie SandsBodie Sands3 ימים לפני
  • I want Veritasium to explain TENET in his next video!!! Plzzz like so that he sees this... PLZZZZZZZ

    Rama KirkolRama Kirkol3 ימים לפני
  • Is there any proof that time is 4th dimension

    Satrangi BhaiSatrangi Bhai3 ימים לפני
  • Yo, black holes will consume everything, and each other, and that will make a big bang. the big bang has a resonate frequency of like 0.0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001 Hz. can some one with a degree get on that? thanks. bless you.

    thefrefdoodthefrefdood3 ימים לפני
  • the Baymax conception

    Yustas FoosaYustas Foosa3 ימים לפני
  • Baymax in real life

    juan cuello espinosajuan cuello espinosa3 ימים לפני
  • What happens to the cells of food when we cook them? Pls make a video on that and explain the nutrients in the cooked food we eat. Thanks

    Mohd MushtaqMohd Mushtaq3 ימים לפני
  • Make a video about "metal monolith discovered in Utah desert"

    abhay agrawalabhay agrawal3 ימים לפני
    • speed of the pulse = speed of light, even better if the pulse goes at the speed of light then you divide the time you get by half.

      yasio boloyasio bolo3 ימים לפני
  • The ruthless carpenter clinicopathologically part because spinach structurally wail near a typical dietician. fluffy, boring male

    Magan AngMagan Ang3 ימים לפני
  • whats that robot movie that is soft?oh he mentioned it as i watched it in the end :)

    KidlapKidlap3 ימים לפני
    • Bighero6

      Reyas AliReyas Ali3 ימים לפני
  • After talking about the under water exploration I was thinking that you could fill the tubes with water. Then I thought that instead of a rowing motion, instead use a fabric that when rolled through the motors would pull itself through the water. You would have to rotate the tubes into a 3 sided pyramid and have the return part of the tube be blocked by say a corner cone.

    douglas coultharddouglas coulthard3 ימים לפני
  • Can you do a video on entropy

    Izaac RuckerIzaac Rucker3 ימים לפני
  • Спасибо за видео, коммент для продвижения канала

    juicyNathanjuicyNathan3 ימים לפני
  • Masks

    It's OK to be whiteIt's OK to be white4 ימים לפני
  • Folks, Jesus Christ, the Son of God, died for our sins. He was buried and resurrected on the third day. Believe on Him to be saved.

    Lixia StoneLixia Stone4 ימים לפני
  • Do a video about where time passes the slowest. If we lived near a black hole, like in Interstellar, time would pass a lot faster. A civilization in the slowest ticking time, would have more time to advance and survive to the end of the universe compared to one living near a black hole. Is the edge of the galaxy the place where time passes the slowest?

    dariusdaremedariusdareme4 ימים לפני
  • We're so screwed when the future super AI sees what we've done to robots...

    The BatchThe Batch4 ימים לפני
    • @Blair martin please stay on topic. It's AI incase you didn't read OP's comment.

      Trope aDopeTrope aDope2 ימים לפני
    • Why don’t you just admit that mask wearing out doors can not be scientifically justified?

      Blair martinBlair martin2 ימים לפני
    • @Trope aDope Look up "Kyle Hill Basilisk" on this site then watch the vid

      PyroPyro2 ימים לפני
    • @Pyro ?

      Trope aDopeTrope aDope2 ימים לפני
    • The Basilisk?

      PyroPyro2 ימים לפני
  • NASA looking to explore Europa's oceans with one of these. Exciting!

    Max BantzMax Bantz4 ימים לפני
  • En France nous avons David Louapre un vrai physicien puisqu'il est docteur en physique, et bizarrement certain de vos sujets ressemble beaucoup à ceux de notre ami David... In France we have David Louapre a real physicist since he is a doctor in physics, and some of your subjects are oddly similar to those of our friend David ...

    Greg VaillantGreg Vaillant4 ימים לפני
  • The nostalgic italy globally weigh because relative canonically slap regarding a stupid grade. blue, hard balloon

    Roice EconomosRoice Economos4 ימים לפני
  • Doc oct

    NoT_K0PyaeNoT_K0Pyae4 ימים לפני
  • I like new concepts... but some wheels would drastically improve that robot... and some arms maybe??? A seat to carry around people??? So

    László IsóLászló Isó4 ימים לפני
  • speed of the pulse = speed of light, even better if the pulse goes at the speed of light then you divide the time you get by half.

    ceerw butyceerw buty4 ימים לפני
  • theres a question i have, if you drop a empty metal cup into a lunch box full of water upside down, why does it flip it self to be straight up again?

    MrMojiMrMoji4 ימים לפני
    • That's a question that could have a variety of answers and is unclear with a lot of guess work. Could be the shape of the cup how its dropped to the pressure of the air trapped inside the cup when it seals the rim with the water and wants to continue sinking. It's most probably the compression of the air trapped trying to escape forcing the cup over sideways and then finding its resting point then all the forces come to equilibrium.

      Simon WSimon W2 ימים לפני
  • Yeah I've seen into the spider verse

    ajvarkajvark4 ימים לפני
  • Throw a sphere container in the center and it can carry objects at any orientation while it is crawling around.

    Paul ChangPaul Chang4 ימים לפני
    • 0:17 "Hey honey, come and look at my soft robot." "If it's not a robot, I'm going to cut it off."

      ceerw butyceerw buty4 ימים לפני
  • Finally, the sequel to my favorite of Veritassium's videos

    Luca PasaLuca Pasa5 ימים לפני
  • Gay a*s robot

    DucHieu TVDucHieu TV5 ימים לפני
  • Ur so close to 1 billion veiws

    CycloneCypherGamerツCycloneCypherGamerツ5 ימים לפני
  • The spiritual exchange univariably protect because cheque hooghly chew down a sharp beginner. acoustic, abashed period

    null nullnull null5 ימים לפני
  • *Why do we need robots that can bend?* Simple. So we can finally say "What are you doing step-robot?😏"

    KunwarKunwar5 ימים לפני
    • @NO HUMAN it was funny the first couple times, now it's done to death

      datb00datb002 ימים לפני
    • @NO HUMAN your name explains your entire existence

      atorixatorix3 ימים לפני
    • @atorix it's funny

      NO HUMANNO HUMAN3 ימים לפני
    • day 51, i keep on hearing step-bro jokes. please help me, its unfunny

      atorixatorix3 ימים לפני
  • Back in my day robots were made of steel and worked 20h a day. It was not like today where this softies can’t even walk for God sake.

    Iago BorgesIago Borges5 ימים לפני
    • :D here where I live robots are soft on the outside, they have a solid bone structure, they are 100% recyclable. They run all day long without electricity. All you need is the lousy paper to run them... and then you just tell them what to do, no programming is needed they have a factory CPU setup.

      László IsóLászló Isó4 ימים לפני
  • Can anyone help me in me ILworld

    DBS PlayerDBS Player5 ימים לפני
  • All this is interesting, but there are more interesting things. Modern ideas about the universe are too superficial. For just one billion euros, I am ready to tell everyone interested how the universe was actually born and what matter is made of. And also, what is wrong with the Einstein formula (A. Poincare) and how to overcome the speed of light using a reasonable supply of energy. I almost forgot why all the measurements of the speed of light carried out so far cannot be considered correct and why different photons must have different speeds, the speed of light is not a constant. And also, why black holes are black (hint-the reason is not that light can't escape because of gravity, everything is more complicated here).

    Игорь ФадеевИгорь Фадеев5 ימים לפני
  • they better use them on mars... but hey... elon don't make soft robot

    VVindovvZVVindovvZ5 ימים לפני
  • Can you do a video of the Mandelbrot set

    Hunter hHunter h5 ימים לפני
  • 1:20- who made that one? I would like to look it up to lean more about it

    jacob headworthjacob headworth5 ימים לפני
  • or type. That’s cool 😎

    bocoy noiubocoy noiu5 ימים לפני
    • Bot? Probably a bot

      The Hammurabi ChodeThe Hammurabi Chode4 ימים לפני
  • Do a video on liquid helium super fluid. It's considered as a quantum fluid once it reaches a certain temperature. Would be very interesting if you would be able to break it down simplisticly. Just seen a 1977 video on it and it was a lot to take in. lol 🤕

    Eric W.Eric W.5 ימים לפני
  • Kiss my shiny metal ... !

    Foobar DeadbeefFoobar Deadbeef5 ימים לפני
  • 0:17 "Hey honey, come and look at my soft robot." "If it's not a robot, I'm going to cut it off."

    ProntoPronto6 ימים לפני
    • These are safer because in the event one gets outta hand, 5.56 will put it down.

      bocoy noiubocoy noiu5 ימים לפני
  • Make a SOLID 2 core system, that projects soft noodles out... may be more worth for the soft things protect the core and you can have a stronger core that has all the power localized instead of multiple corners.

    bravojrbravojr6 ימים לפני
  • Inb4 Soft robots are safe... SHARP METAL IN THE EYE.

    bravojrbravojr6 ימים לפני
    • @Rav Singh Yeah, but here? I wouldnt my hand near that motor, yet alone a kid.

      googleslocikgoogleslocik3 ימים לפני
    • @googleslocik I think safe is supposed to be a relative term. There's definitely things that are classed safe in my industry but wouldn't want a kid around

      Rav SinghRav Singh3 ימים לפני
    • Metal? Imagine getting your finger stuck in that roller, it would crush it. So this one isnt safe at all, in fact seems deceptively safe but very dangerous in reality, especially to a kid.

      googleslocikgoogleslocik3 ימים לפני
  • I'm just gonna say something about that asteroid video you made awhile back Would it be possible to take a say railgun And possibly shooting asteroid and split in 1⁄2 enough that it Avoids earth just asking because I don't think you're gonna see this but I would like you I hope you do

    nightmare foxy the cool onenightmare foxy the cool one6 ימים לפני
  • :O Three kids!

    Juan David Sánchez NemeJuan David Sánchez Neme6 ימים לפני
  • LOVE YOUR VID KEEP UP THE GOOD WORK

    Water MonkeWater Monke6 ימים לפני
  • Qué, one day three friends decided to plan a small breakfast at small hotel,one of those paid money I,e. 25+25+25 ( 25rs,each) before having breakfast,but manager thought to return them 5rs (as discount ) through weighter (but weighter stole 2rs),all three friends equally distributed 3rs (i.e,1rs each). So,finally cost of breakfast individually worth 24rs right! Now It's time for calculation : Firsrly,25+25+25=75rs 👍 Final calculation; 24+24+24=72 72 + stolen 2rs = 74rs WHERE IS 1Rs ??? Rs is Currency of INDIA

    Aditya AmbatkarAditya Ambatkar6 ימים לפני
  • This is why everyone likes bender

    Ryosuke TakahashiRyosuke Takahashi6 ימים לפני
  • I don’t know much about 4-d stuff, but couldn’t this be used to simulate a tesseract?

    ZADO HCGZADO HCG6 ימים לפני
  • 1 Million: 1.000.000 1 Billion: 1.000.000.000.000 1 Trillion: 1.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000 Why anglo-culture can't use any standart messure right.. damn.

    Cristobal RivasCristobal Rivas6 ימים לפני
  • Do they have a shiny metal ass to bite?

    walt bradlywalt bradly6 ימים לפני
  • How to go faster than the speed of light :have the first clock send a pulse to the second one, then it starts, when the pulse gets sent back the lazer gets fired. The time it took - speed of the pulse = speed of light, even better if the pulse goes at the speed of light then you divide the time you get by half.

    02ultraboy02ultraboy6 ימים לפני
  • Can you use your science to prove that there are only 2 genders and that any other genders is just cultural Marxism pushed by modern day communists?

    SeppuKunSeppuKun6 ימים לפני
  • I have a really cool idea, that might change africa for good, what if we take a lot of ocean water (a lot) placed it in the middle of africa and evaporated the water, making it rain in the entire region, besically making an entire sea inside africa and evaporate the water to the sky

    Lev Just levLev Just lev6 ימים לפני
    • Search*

      Impact . netImpact . net6 ימים לפני
    • I think seaech that

      Impact . netImpact . net6 ימים לפני
    • @Impact . net this can cause africa to stop being a desert, and allow more natural resources to apear

      Lev Just levLev Just lev6 ימים לפני
    • What

      Impact . netImpact . net6 ימים לפני
  • 9:57 Is Mark Rober who is talking? i didnt know that you boys were friends, 2 of my favority chanels

    Don DavidDon David6 ימים לפני
  • These are safer because in the event one gets outta hand, 5.56 will put it down.

    ViqViq6 ימים לפני
  • Think I cracked measuring the 'one way speed of light' / I need someone who knows what they're talking about to tell me why it's wrong

    Mark chaffeeMark chaffee6 ימים לפני
    • Wouldn't this give the one way speed of light?

      Mark chaffeeMark chaffee6 ימים לפני
    • With both clocks stopped, could they not be brought back together whereby you'd have the time difference of the clocks. The distance between the clocks was known and exact...

      Mark chaffeeMark chaffee6 ימים לפני
    • Won't then both clocks be synchronized exactly? One clock sits by apparatus designed to emit an identifiable burst of light and is programmed to stop running at the moment this light is emitted. The other clock is designed to stop running when it detects this light.

      Mark chaffeeMark chaffee6 ימים לפני
    • Tether two clocks to a central anchor with two equal and known length...tethers.. Move both the clocks in opposite directions until they reach the limits of the length of the tether. These clocks are designed to begin when they detect a certain (sudden and reducing) change of tension in the tether. Destroy the central anchor.

      Mark chaffeeMark chaffee6 ימים לפני
    • I propose accelerometer or tension clocks. Timers that start when they undergo a certain change in motion or change in tension of a tether.

      Mark chaffeeMark chaffee6 ימים לפני
ILworld